The Praça do Comércio (business square) was the centerpiece of the recreation that occurred after the quake of 1755 had decreased Lisbon to rubble. Its primary fascination is a grand equestrian statue of king José I.
In the course of the most recent hundreds of years various parades, celebrations, shows and even executions have occurred here.
The square has likewise been the scene of notable occasions, for example, the twofold death on February 1908, when king Carlos and Luis Filipe – the beneficiary to the throne – were killed here. In 1974 a great many individuals gathered on the square amid the insurgency that ousted the authoritarian administration.
The square is normally known as the Terreiro do Paço (Palace Square), for the sixteenth-century Ribeira Palace that remained here until it was obliterated by the destroying tremor of 1755. The royal residence was a standout amongst the most noteworthy structures in Portugal, beautified with numerous show-stoppers and home to a substantial library containing more than 70,000 books.
Soon after the seismic tremor the marquis of Pombal, PM of king José I, composed the reproduction of the city. The noteworthy maze of roads close to the castle was totally demolished and another organized road framework was made.
As a feature of the recreation Pombal likewise arranged the formation of another extensive square, intended to adversary Europe’s most fantastic squares. Eugénio dos Santos and his associate Carlos Mardel were in charge of the outline of the new square, which was named Praça do Comércio. On one side it opens onto the Tagus stream while alternate sides are circumscribed by stately government structures with lovely arcades confronting the square.
The centerpiece of the Praça do Comércio is the equestrian statue of José I (Joseph I), made by Joaquim Machado de Castro, one of Portugal’s most well known artists.
The bronze statue, initiated in 1775, demonstrates the king on a stallion trampling snakes. The statue is situated on a momentous platform designed with extensive model gatherings and disregards the glorious square.
An alternate great landmark is the Arco da Rua Augusta, a triumphal curve that prompts the Rua Augusta, a delightfully cleared pedestrianized road.
The curve was initially outlined by Santos de Carvalho to praise the quick recreation of the city after the quake of 1755. Development of the triumphal landmark began in 1759 yet work was stopped before long. The undertaking was grabbed again in 1843 when another plan by draftsman Veríssimo José da Costa was picked.
At last finished in 1873, the grand curve demonstrates the symbolic figure of Glory delegated Genius and Bravery. Underneath them are critical authentic figures and metaphorical representations of the waterways Tagus and Douro.
The Praça do Comércio is totally pedestrianized in spite of the fact that it is limited to the north and south by intensely trafficked streets.
Cross the road simply south of the square to achieve the Cais das Colunas (Columns Pier), a delightful dock with a wide marble stairway that for quite a long time was the primary door to the city. Dignitaries landed here by pontoon and strolled straight to the close-by castle. It is named for the two tall segments before the dock.
In 1997 the wharf was disassembled because of the development of an underground metro line however it was restored to its unique appearance in 2008. The Cais das Colunas is regularly packed with vacationers getting a charge out of totally open perspectives over tagus river.